Organic farming is an eco friendly farming system that follows the principle of health in relation to soil, environment including animals and human beings. The produces under organic farming are nutritious, safe and free from chemical residues. On the other hand, chemical based farming has adverse affect on soil as well as animal and human health and eco system.
Organic farming is one of the ways to sustain and improve soil fertility. The production rate will be uniform will be in uniform for long period of time because of good soil health. Thus it will help the farmers to double their production following suitable cropping system. Organic produces, if certified, will have good demand in the market with premium prices over the common commodities, giving an additional return to the producer farmers. Generally for getting certified under organic farming a transition period of three years are required so that the production system becomes free from chemical residues if any. Two types of certification systems are followed in organic farming – 1. Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) and 2. Third Party Certification system.
Because of less or no application of fertilizers and chemicals in production process, in comparison to the other progressive states, most of the areas of Assam are considered as organic by default. These areas may be easily converted to organic cultivation for production of different horticultural crops. In other hand, in the commercial production pockets it becomes difficult to change the mind set of grower farmers for adoption of complete organic procedures. In a cluster area where organic crop production is followed, because of non use of any kind of chemicals, the whole area becomes free of chemicals and the milk, meat, fish etc. food commodities produced in the cluster becomes organic.
Presently there are three organic schemes of Central sector, being implemented in the state –
1.Paramparagat Krishi Vikash Yojana (PKVY)
2.Rastriya Krishi Vikash Yojana – Organic (RKVY – Organic)
2.Mission Organic Value Chain Development in North Eastern Region (MOVCD-NER)
|Organic Farming for Sustainable Crop Production.pdf||2.91 MB|